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Gentlemen and Fortune (The Pirate Empire, Band 1) | TS Rhodes | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch. Bloody Seas (The Pirate Empire, Band 2) | Rhodes, TS | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Can't get enough of Pirate Empire? Test your speed and accuracy, pause the cannonball on the white circle! Linienschiff. Alte Boote. The Pirate Empire: All the Things on a Pirate Ship. Segelschiff Modell, Segelschiffe. Gemerkt von appscribe.co Arviragus refers to historical examples of empires where “titles” were However, the pirate-king's claims to empire are now changing as he himself wants to.

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The plotters are executed and Aranes and Zaida marry. The play is reportedly more comedy than anything else. The pirates are mostly fools, especially Sir Gaudy Tulip, an aged and cowardly London beau.

The Gang-i-sawai is, for comic effect, carrying two European ladies, Tulip's ex-mistress and another pirate's ex-wife, who exchange comedic comments with the men.

The drunken conspirators and outrageously partial court are played entirely for laughs. Who was this person? Arne Bialuschewski of the University of Kiel in Germany has recently suggested Nathaniel Mist, a former sailor, journalist, and publisher of the Weekly Journal, as a more likely candidate.

Charles Rivington publisher of the History , had printed books for Mist, who lived near his office. As a former seaman who had sailed the West Indies, Mist, of all London's writer-publishers, was uniquely qualified to have penned the History.

Is this true? We may never know, but it seems plausible. Tuesday, July 3, Were Pirates Happy? The book tells about the biological history of the human race and its cultural development.

One of the facts recounted in the book is that happiness is ultimately brought about because of chemicals released in the brain.

The book asks some intriguing questions. For instance, is it possible for a medieval peasant who has just put a new roof on his mud hut to be just a happy as a modern-day lawyer who has just paid off a penthouse apartment?

A triumph is a triumph, and if you are doing better than your friends, you will probably feel pretty smug about that. Many books portray the lives of pirates as short, miserable and brutish.

They are largely right. Sailors of the age did not live long. They ate poor food, were often sick with fevers, and suffered from liver trouble from the liquor they drank, and vitamin deficiencies from a limited diet.

Pirates also lived a violent life, with frequent ship battles and occasional on-shore brawls.

Because they were relatively much better than other men from similar backgrounds. If pirates did not live long, they lived as long as sailors could expect.

Sailors died from sickness, storms and injury. Pirates faced the same risks. But where common sailors also complained that their ships put into ports where sickness was common, or were poorly maintained, pirates were free to leave a rotting or damaged ship behind and did not put into any port that the crew did not agree to.

Pirates may have often eaten the poorly preserved food of their day. This put everyone on equal footing.

If pirates were considered the scum of the earth by the good citizens of the world, they were all scum together, making their relative position higher than their law-abiding brothers.

In addition, pirate food was probably objectively better than the food of regular sailors. When the people who procure the food also have to eat it, you tend to have better food.

Pirates also had more leisure time than their counterparts. In short, pirates became pirates in order to attain the things that they believed led to a happy life.

And, according to reports, they succeeded. The piratical way of life also solved a problem that modern people face when searching for happiness.

So, putting a new roof on the old mud hut or paying off the penthouse brings a rush of joy. But in a few days it begins to lesson, and soon we are no more happy than we were.

Change is the answer to maintaining an elevated level of happiness. He can take a mistress, win a promotion, buy a better car, go on a vacation or a better vacation.

Of course, most people would say that this is not the way to true contentment, but it is certainly an effective method of feeding an addiction.

They had nearly endless quantities of liquor, which was what they had dreamed of, and enough different kinds to provide variety.

The possibility existed of sailing off to Madagascar, exploring the pirate-friendly ports of New York and Boston, or plundering Spanish cities in Central and South America.

Most of all, pirates had the chance to dream. Poor folk of the time had little or no chance to raise themselves in society.

But a pirate could dream his way to the very top, imagining himself even as a Member of Parliament. No, a merry life and a short one, shall be my motto.

Tuesday, June 19, Songs Pirates Sang. Over and over I come back to the music that pirates in the Golden Age would have heard and sung.

We tend to concentrate on sea shanties, but most of the shanties we know are products of the 18 th century. I believe that the influx of sailors of African origin into European shipping changed sea-songs permanently.

Shanties, I think, were influenced strongly by the African tradition of call-and response song structure.

Anyone who Often could scrape a song out on a fiddle or toot a horn would do so. People sang while they worked.

People danced when they were happy. Often songs educated their listeners. In the absence of history classes, the ballads about Robin Hood provided a glimpse of English history.

We know they inspired Sam Bellamy and his crews. So here are a few 17 th century songs. The earlies records of it come from , and it was not a new song then.

And yet we can listen to it easily, with no more than the click of a button. Many English ballads were collected by Francis James Child during the second half of the 19th century.

Their lyrics and Child's studies of them were published as the 2,page book called The English and Scottish Popular Ballads.

The tunes of most of the ballads were collected and published by Bertrand Harris Bronson in and around the s. Scholarly work like this has enabled us to enjoy these old songs.

I am sharing a popular Robin Hood ballad from about If you enjoy it, other songs from the Child Ballads are available on YouTube.

And our last song is younger yet. I also like the sentiment, one of running away from cares and seeking adventure. There you go. A bit of research will lead you to yet more songs and ballads The search gets easier every day.

It was my first ever Pirate event, and has done a lot to shape my ideas of what pirate events look like. It has also shaped my performing career as a pirate storyteller.

When the fest went on hiatus for several years, I was dejected. This year in addition to being booked as an on-stage performer, I brought my tent for True Pyarte Tales, ready to story-tell all day, in between my scheduled performances.

As usual, I had copies of my books to sell. However, setting up on Friday during 18mph wind gusts was quite the challenge! I have an Easy-Up style tent, which I have modified by creating a linen canvas top and muslin sidewalls.

Setting this baby up in my backyard takes all of 15 minutes, even with the additional sidewalls, which attach with ties, and the linen top, which has to be layered on top of the nylon cover the tent came with.

But with high winds off Lake Michigan, this process suddenly turned into a 2-hour ordeal. Setup begins by carrying the collapsed tent to its proper location, setting it on its feet, pulling on the corners until it expands to full diameter, then locking the corners in place and raising the legs to their full height.

It took nearly an hour to confirm our location in Rotary Park, a spit of land jutting into harbor, and winds were steadily rising.

My friend Jeff and I had dressed for the weather —chilly- but the rising winds were grabbing at our equipment, blowing hats and table covers all over.

Before anything else happened, the tent had to go up. Our problem was that the top of an Easy-Up looks a lot like a parachute.

Today it was acting like one. As soon as one of us let go of a tent-side, it wanted to lift up into the air.

Positioning the tent was crucial. Other educational presenters would be nearby and needed their space. When the tent was finally in position, I let go and ran to our wagon to fetch the stakes and hammer.

A huge gust of wind roared by and suddenly the entire tent was in the air, headed toward the harbor. Only my first-mate Jeff, frantically holding on to one leg and a corner of the top, preventing it from leaving us all together!

Good thing Jeff had a big lunch. If not, he might have been carried away like Dorothy, to the Land of Oz. When the gust passed, I ran in with the equipment and showed him how to drive in the stakes.

Four twelve-inch iron tent stakes eventually attached the structure to the ground, but with every gust, the aluminum tent poles bent until lit looked like they would snap.

Fortunately, I was prepared. We added 3 additional tie down ropes, with stakes, one in the middle of each side except the front.

Each side panel needed to be attached individually, a nightmare process, as knots untied themselves and the large pieces of fabric tried over and over to escape.

When we had finished, things still looked dicey. The sides billowed like sails in a storm. The linen top really wanted to head out on its own.

Standing inside the tent felt almost as stressful as running around out in the gusts. We needed more rope to control all the whipping fabric.

We had an additional coil, but it had been intended as piratical decoration. We had no way to cut it. Then I remembered!

A dear friend, a woodworker and member of my writing group, had sharpened my sword, turning it into a real weapon. I pulled out the blade and began cutting rope into usable pieces.

We roped down the sides, tied them to the tent stakes, and passed a long section over the top of the tent to hold down the errant linen cover.

The time for my first storytelling presentation came, and I dashed off to do that. High winds prevented putting up my sign, but my new sound system worked well, and people seemed to enjoy my tales.

Afterward we made one more trip to the tent, but it was useless to do anything further to prevent disaster. The next morning, the linen top had disappeared.

We found it hanging down the back of the tent, still secured by a single piece of rope. But now I want Velcro. Lots and lots of Velcro.

That day, Saturday, was quiet. Apart from feeling odd whenever I left the tent — I was actually missing the moving walls- life was pretty good.

The devastation of Port Royal by an earthquake in further reduced the Caribbean's attractions by destroying the pirates' chief market for fenced plunder.

Merchants and governors eager for coin were willing to overlook and even underwrite pirate voyages; one colonial official defended a pirate because he thought it "very harsh to hang people that brings in gold to these provinces".

India's economic output dwarfed Europe's during this time, especially in high-value luxury goods such as silk and calico , which made ideal pirate booty; [23] at the same time, no powerful navies plied the Indian Ocean, leaving both local shipping and the various East India companies' vessels vulnerable to attack.

In and , a series of peace treaties ended the War of the Spanish Succession. As a result, thousands of seamen, including Britain's paramilitary privateers , were relieved of military duty, at a time when cross-Atlantic colonial shipping trade was beginning to boom.

In addition, Europeans who had been pushed by unemployment to become sailors and soldiers involved in slaving were often enthusiastic to abandon that profession and turn to pirating, giving pirate captains a steady pool of recruits in west African waters and coasts.

In , pirates launched a major raid on Spanish divers trying to recover gold from a sunken treasure galleon near Florida. The attack was successful, but contrary to their expectations, the governor of Jamaica refused to allow Jennings and their cohorts to spend their loot on his island.

With Kingston and the declining Port Royal closed to them, Hornigold, Jennings and their comrades founded a new pirate base at Nassau , on the island of New Providence in the Bahamas, which had been abandoned during the war.

Until the arrival of governor Woodes Rogers three years later, Nassau would be home for these pirates and their many recruits.

Shipping traffic between Africa, the Caribbean, and Europe began to soar in the 18th century, a model that was known as Triangular Transatlantic Slave Trade , and was a rich target for piracy.

Trade ships sailed from Europe to the African coast, trading manufactured goods and weapons for slaves. The traders would then sail to the Caribbean to sell the slaves, and return to Europe with goods such as sugar, tobacco and cocoa.

In another triangular trade route, ships would carry raw materials, preserved cod, and rum to Europe, where a portion of the cargo would be sold for manufactured goods, which along with the remainder of the original load were transported to the Caribbean, where they were exchanged for sugar and molasses, which with some manufactured articles were borne to New England.

Ships in the triangular trade made money at each stop. As part of the settlement of the War of Spanish Succession, Britain obtained the asiento , a Spanish government contract to supply slaves to Spain's new world colonies, which provided British traders and smugglers more access to formerly closed Spanish markets in America.

This arrangement also contributed heavily to the spread of piracy across the western Atlantic. Shipping to the colonies boomed along with the flood of skilled mariners after the war.

Merchant shippers used the surplus of labor to drive wages down, cut corners to maximize profits, and create unsavory conditions aboard their vessels.

Merchant sailors suffered from mortality rates as high or higher than the slaves being transported. During this time, many of the pirates had originally been either sailors for the Royal Navy, privateersmen, or merchant seamen.

Most pirates had experience living on the sea, and knew how harsh the conditions could be. Sailors for the king would often have very little to eat while out on the sea, and would end up sick, starving, and dying.

That resulted in some sailors deserting the king and becoming pirates instead. This also allowed for pirates to better fight the navy.

Unlike other seaman, pirates had strict rules for how they were to be treated on the ship. Unlike what many people think, captains did not have a dictatorship over the rest of the pirates on their ship.

Captains had to be voted in, and there were strict rules for them to follow as well. The captain was not treated better with more food, better living conditions, etc.

This was because many merchant captains treated their crews terribly. Many pirates had formerly served on these merchant ships and knew how horrid some captains could be.

Because of this, all ships contained councils. These councils composed of all crew members on a given ship. Some councils were used daily to make decisions while other were used as a court system.

Whatever the case, these pirates had as much power as the captain outside of battle. The captain only had full authority in times of battle and could be removed from this position if he showed cowardice in the face of the enemy.

The pirates did not want things to end up the same way as on a navy ship. Condent was also a successful pirate, but Edward England was not.

He was marooned on Comoros by Taylor and Levasseur in , and died not long afterward. Edward Teach died in the battle when his last ship, the Adventure , ran aground in a fight with Lieutenant Robert Maynard 's navy ship.

He was stabbed twenty times and shot five times before death. Anne Bonny — developed a notorious reputation in Nassau. When she was unable to leave an earlier marriage, she eloped with her lover, Calico Jack Rackham.

Mary Read had been dressed as a boy all her life by her mother and had spent time in the British military. She came to the West Indies Caribbean after leaving her husband and joined Calico Jack's crew after he attacked a ship she had been aboard.

She divulged her gender only to Bonny at first, but revealed herself openly when accused by Rackham of having an affair with Bonny.

When their ship was attacked in , Bonny, Read, and an unknown man were the only ones to defend it; the other crew members were too drunk to fight.

In the end they were captured and arrested. After their capture, both women were convicted of piracy and sentenced to death, but they stalled their executions by claiming to be pregnant.

Read died in jail months later, many believe of a fever or complications of childbirth. Bonny disappeared from historical documents, and no record of her execution nor a childbirth exist.

The coastal villages and towns of Italy , Spain and Mediterranean islands were frequently attacked by them, and long stretches of the Italian and Spanish coasts were almost completely abandoned by their inhabitants; since the 17th century, Barbary pirates occasionally entered the Atlantic and struck as far north as Iceland.

According to Robert Davis, [31] [32] between 1 million and 1. Barbary pirates flourished in the early 17th century as new sailing rigs by Simon de Danser enabled North African raiders, for the first time, to brave the Atlantic as well as Mediterranean waters.

More than 20, captives were said to be imprisoned in Algiers alone. The rich were allowed to redeem themselves, but the poor were condemned to slavery.

Their masters would on occasion allow them to secure freedom by professing Islam. Many people of good social position — Germans, Italians, Spaniards, and English travelers in the south — were captives for a time.

In , Iceland was subject to raids known as the Turkish Abductions. Murat Reis is said to have taken prisoners; of the captives were later sold into slavery on the Barbary Coast.

The pirates took only young people and those in good physical condition. All those offering resistance were killed, and the old people were gathered into a church, which was set on fire.

One of the stereotypical features of a pirate in popular culture, the eye patch , dates back to the Arab pirate Rahmah ibn Jabir al-Jalahimah , who wore it after losing an eye in battle in the 18th century.

Whilst the Golden Age of European and American pirates is generally considered to have ended between and , the prosperity of the Barbary pirates continued until the early 19th century.

Unlike the European powers, the young United States refused to pay tribute to the Barbary states and responded with the First Barbary War and the Second Barbary War against North Africa, when the Barbary pirates captured and enslaved American sailors.

Although the U. Corsairs were pirates who mainly operated in the Mediterranean Sea. Christian corsairs operated mostly around Italy and Malta.

They also mainly used oar-powered boats called galleys and would descend on their victims for ransom.

If their victims couldn't produce the ransom, they were sold into slavery. Buccaneers operated mainly in the Caribbean.

They originated in Tortuga around the 17th century as hunters, but became "pirates" when government officials would pay groups of men to attack and loot Spanish ships.

After a while, however, the raids got out of control, and buccaneers began attacking any ship worth value, enemy or not.

Privateers were not Navy, but privately owned rascals. They usually only operated in times of war and were given "letters of marque" by Admirals, which gave them authority to raid enemy ships, keeping them exempt from piracy charges.

By the early 18th century, tolerance for privateers was wearing thin in all nations. After the Treaty of Utrecht was signed, the excess of trained sailors without employment was both a blessing and a curse for all pirates.

Initially, the surplus of men had caused the number of pirates to multiply significantly. This inevitably led to the pillaging of more ships, which put a greater strain on trade for all European nations.

In response, European nations bolstered their own navies to offer greater protection for merchants and to hunt down pirates.

Gentlemen and Fortune Paperback Ts Rhodes. All she wants is to find safe haven, but before she knows it she's locked in battle with Pirate Empire natives, armed merchants and even the Royal Navy. In den Warenkorb. New copy - Usually dispatched within working days. Established seller since Verlag: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform Delivered from our UK warehouse in 4 to 14 business days. New copy - Usually dispatched within working days. Delivered from go here UK warehouse in 4 to 14 business days. Too bad for her, life rarely works out that click. In den Warenkorb. Buchbeschreibung Createspace Independent Publishing Platform. Bestandsnummer des Verkäufers Please click for source Neu Paperback Anzahl:

A huge gust of wind roared by and suddenly the entire tent was in the air, headed toward the harbor. Only my first-mate Jeff, frantically holding on to one leg and a corner of the top, preventing it from leaving us all together!

Good thing Jeff had a big lunch. If not, he might have been carried away like Dorothy, to the Land of Oz. When the gust passed, I ran in with the equipment and showed him how to drive in the stakes.

Four twelve-inch iron tent stakes eventually attached the structure to the ground, but with every gust, the aluminum tent poles bent until lit looked like they would snap.

Fortunately, I was prepared. We added 3 additional tie down ropes, with stakes, one in the middle of each side except the front.

Each side panel needed to be attached individually, a nightmare process, as knots untied themselves and the large pieces of fabric tried over and over to escape.

When we had finished, things still looked dicey. The sides billowed like sails in a storm. The linen top really wanted to head out on its own.

Standing inside the tent felt almost as stressful as running around out in the gusts. We needed more rope to control all the whipping fabric.

We had an additional coil, but it had been intended as piratical decoration. We had no way to cut it. Then I remembered! A dear friend, a woodworker and member of my writing group, had sharpened my sword, turning it into a real weapon.

I pulled out the blade and began cutting rope into usable pieces. We roped down the sides, tied them to the tent stakes, and passed a long section over the top of the tent to hold down the errant linen cover.

The time for my first storytelling presentation came, and I dashed off to do that. High winds prevented putting up my sign, but my new sound system worked well, and people seemed to enjoy my tales.

Afterward we made one more trip to the tent, but it was useless to do anything further to prevent disaster. The next morning, the linen top had disappeared.

We found it hanging down the back of the tent, still secured by a single piece of rope. But now I want Velcro. Lots and lots of Velcro.

That day, Saturday, was quiet. Apart from feeling odd whenever I left the tent — I was actually missing the moving walls- life was pretty good.

Did a little shopping. And then Jeff tells me that the next day will have thirty mile an hour winds. The people who had put their tent next to us spent most of Sunday just keeping it from blowing away.

As for us, we lived. I made my last show at Sunday, and we went home. It flies over whatever home, castle, ship or limo they happen to be in.

The date a little late ok, a lot late for our time period, but it got the thinking about how various flags have changed over the years.

This one features twice the three royal lions of England, the single royal lion of Scotland, and the harp of Ireland.

When in Scotland, the flag is changed to this one, with two Scottish lions. Apparently, the Scots are very persistent in getting what they want.

This is the earliest flag of England — a red cross on a white field. It is the Cross of St. George, the patron saint of England, and has been in use since the Middle Ages, when England, like almost all or Europe, was a catholic country.

The so-called Union Jack, which became the national flag of the United Kingdom England, Scotland and Wales in , had been used as a flag by the Royal Navy since , and was therefore the flag that most pirates in the Caribbean would have been familiar with.

It is said that both jack and jackstaff relate to the name of James I, king of England in whose reign — the flag was designed.

Like the previous flag, Scotland had to be special, and had a versions of the flag where the white saltire went over the red cross.

France, a country with a long Catholic history, has long had the fleurs-de-lis. Since the days of Joan of Arc, French national heroine, the color white has been associated with the royal house of France.

During the Golden Age, the French national flag was a white field strewn with many gold fleurs-de-lis.

The naval flag of France, however, was a plain white flag, signifying purity of purpose. The Dutch flag has been a similar design since the Middle Ages, Originally the red stripe was orange, in honor of William of Orange.

But orange was not a traditional heraldic color for flags, and was hard to decide on a shade. In the orange was officially changed to red.

The flag of Portugal, like the flag of France, was mostly white. It was refurbished occasionally to reflect fashion trends in both. It was refurbished again by Peter's son John V, in A red beret was then added under the crown and the shield was given a new shape.

The Spanish, ever the conservatives, were late to come to the concept of a national flag. Ships flew the flag of the saint who was assigned the task of guarding the ship, and sometimes a regional flag.

In the late Middle Ages, ships were encouraged to fly the cross of burgundy, but it could be embroidered on either a yellow or white background.

A lot was happening, and much of it affected pirates. Looking for Treasure Island. Sorry for the long hiatus. Sometimes, in spite of a firm commitment to piracy, the World just gets in the way.

What have I been up to? The book:. Four or five years ago, I refreshed my direct knowledge of the novel by listening to on CD over several days during my morning commute.

But I was also aware of just how hard some of the vocabulary is. In addition, I have the skill of picking up vocabulary in context.

But between old-fashioned words, pirate slang, and poor grammar, accurately recorded, there was ample opportunity for some people to struggle with this book.

For a long time, I had a desire to create an annotated version. The book would be more readable to all the people who might enjoy it.

Sure, I could have typed it all out from one of my several hard copies. Finally, a friend with better computer skills helped me out.

Hi, Katherine! At last, the annotated Treasure Island could become a reality. Looking up words, reading up on the English Justice System, and generally keeping my nose to the grindstone to make this edition happen has taken an incredible amount of time.

The job became consuming. How do you fire one of those old pistols? What are the parts of the ship? I lost sleep, unable to go to bed with the project incomplete.

Its golden age may be said to have extended from about to about Pirate historians of the first half of the 20th century occasionally adopted Fiske's term "Golden Age," without necessarily following his beginning and ending dates for it.

Of recent definitions, Pringle appears to have the widest range, an exception to an overall trend among historians from until the s, toward narrowing the Golden Age.

As early as , Philip Gosse described piracy as being at its height "from until Perhaps the ultimate step in restricting the Golden Age was in Konstam's The History of Pirates, in which he retreated from his own earlier definition, called a — definition of the Golden Age "generous," and concluded that "The worst of these pirate excesses was limited to an eight-year period, from until , so the true Golden Age cannot even be called a 'golden decade.

David Cordingly , in his influential work Under the Black Flag , defined the "great age of piracy" as lasting from the s to around , very close to Fiske's definition of the Golden Age.

Rediker, in , described the most complex definition of the Golden Age to date. He proposes a "golden age of piracy, which spanned the period from roughly to ", which he subdivides into three distinct "generations": the buccaneers of —, the Indian Ocean pirates of the s, and the pirates of the years — Martin Mares , drawing on both Cordingly and Rediker, took their arguments about the periodization of the Golden Age of Piracy even further in his seminal work The British Contribution to the Development of Piracy in the Golden Age of Piracy , proposing that the longer periodization can be also understood as an uninterrupted and continuous process with its points of peaks and regressions.

And of course, if we just sample the islands, the world will look like a paradise. Piracy arose out of, and mirrored on a smaller scale, the conflicts over trade and colonization among the rival European powers of the time, including the empires of Britain, Spain, the Netherlands, Portugal and France.

Many pirates came from poorer urban areas in search of a way to make money and reprieve. London especially was known for high unemployment, crowding, and poverty which would drive people to piracy.

Piracy also offered power and quick riches. Historians, such as John Fiske, mark the beginning of the Golden Age of Piracy at around , when the end of the Wars of Religion allowed European countries to resume the development of their colonial empires.

This involved considerable seaborne trade, and a general economic improvement: there was money to be made—or stolen—and much of it traveled by ship.

French buccaneers had established themselves on northern Hispaniola as early as , [18] but lived at first mostly as hunters rather than robbers; their transition to full-time piracy was gradual and motivated in part by Spanish efforts to wipe out both the buccaneers and the prey animals on which they depended.

The buccaneers' migration from Hispaniola's mainland to the more defensible offshore island of Tortuga limited their resources and accelerated their piratical raids.

According to Alexandre Exquemelin , a buccaneer and historian who remains a major source on this period, the Tortuga buccaneer Pierre Le Grand pioneered the settlers' attacks on galleons making the return voyage to Spain.

The growth of buccaneering on Tortuga was augmented by the English capture of Jamaica from Spain in The early English governors of Jamaica freely granted letters of marque to Tortuga buccaneers and to their own countrymen, while the growth of Port Royal provided these raiders with a far more profitable and enjoyable place to sell their booty.

In the s, the new French governor of Tortuga, Bertrand d'Ogeron, similarly provided privateering commissions both to his own colonists and to English cutthroats from Port Royal.

These conditions brought Caribbean buccaneering to its zenith. A number of factors caused Anglo-American pirates, some of whom had learned how to be a pirate during the buccaneering period, to look beyond the Caribbean for treasure as the s began.

The fall of Britain's Stuart period had restored the traditional enmity between Britain and France, thus ending the profitable collaboration between English Jamaica and French Tortuga.

The devastation of Port Royal by an earthquake in further reduced the Caribbean's attractions by destroying the pirates' chief market for fenced plunder.

Merchants and governors eager for coin were willing to overlook and even underwrite pirate voyages; one colonial official defended a pirate because he thought it "very harsh to hang people that brings in gold to these provinces".

India's economic output dwarfed Europe's during this time, especially in high-value luxury goods such as silk and calico , which made ideal pirate booty; [23] at the same time, no powerful navies plied the Indian Ocean, leaving both local shipping and the various East India companies' vessels vulnerable to attack.

In and , a series of peace treaties ended the War of the Spanish Succession. As a result, thousands of seamen, including Britain's paramilitary privateers , were relieved of military duty, at a time when cross-Atlantic colonial shipping trade was beginning to boom.

In addition, Europeans who had been pushed by unemployment to become sailors and soldiers involved in slaving were often enthusiastic to abandon that profession and turn to pirating, giving pirate captains a steady pool of recruits in west African waters and coasts.

In , pirates launched a major raid on Spanish divers trying to recover gold from a sunken treasure galleon near Florida.

The attack was successful, but contrary to their expectations, the governor of Jamaica refused to allow Jennings and their cohorts to spend their loot on his island.

With Kingston and the declining Port Royal closed to them, Hornigold, Jennings and their comrades founded a new pirate base at Nassau , on the island of New Providence in the Bahamas, which had been abandoned during the war.

Until the arrival of governor Woodes Rogers three years later, Nassau would be home for these pirates and their many recruits. Shipping traffic between Africa, the Caribbean, and Europe began to soar in the 18th century, a model that was known as Triangular Transatlantic Slave Trade , and was a rich target for piracy.

Trade ships sailed from Europe to the African coast, trading manufactured goods and weapons for slaves. The traders would then sail to the Caribbean to sell the slaves, and return to Europe with goods such as sugar, tobacco and cocoa.

In another triangular trade route, ships would carry raw materials, preserved cod, and rum to Europe, where a portion of the cargo would be sold for manufactured goods, which along with the remainder of the original load were transported to the Caribbean, where they were exchanged for sugar and molasses, which with some manufactured articles were borne to New England.

Ships in the triangular trade made money at each stop. As part of the settlement of the War of Spanish Succession, Britain obtained the asiento , a Spanish government contract to supply slaves to Spain's new world colonies, which provided British traders and smugglers more access to formerly closed Spanish markets in America.

This arrangement also contributed heavily to the spread of piracy across the western Atlantic. Shipping to the colonies boomed along with the flood of skilled mariners after the war.

Merchant shippers used the surplus of labor to drive wages down, cut corners to maximize profits, and create unsavory conditions aboard their vessels.

Merchant sailors suffered from mortality rates as high or higher than the slaves being transported. During this time, many of the pirates had originally been either sailors for the Royal Navy, privateersmen, or merchant seamen.

Most pirates had experience living on the sea, and knew how harsh the conditions could be. Sailors for the king would often have very little to eat while out on the sea, and would end up sick, starving, and dying.

That resulted in some sailors deserting the king and becoming pirates instead. This also allowed for pirates to better fight the navy.

Unlike other seaman, pirates had strict rules for how they were to be treated on the ship. Unlike what many people think, captains did not have a dictatorship over the rest of the pirates on their ship.

Captains had to be voted in, and there were strict rules for them to follow as well. The most recent country to block access to all Pirate Bay domains in Australia.

To bypass these restrictions, users are accessing Pirate Bay via proxy sites. In case your country has blocked access to The Pirate Bay sites, there are several alternatives you can use.

With several countries across the world, either blocking or suppressing Pirate Bay, numerous alternatives have emerged to tap into the demand for torrenting tools.

Despite the changes, users of these alternatives are still required to use a VPN a virtual private network to keep their identity, location, and activities anonymous and secure while they access files.

For example, NordVPN offers users a cheap but superior VPN that connects, encrypts, and protects the privacy of users reliably when they are torrenting by preventing IP address exposure.

The best torrenting alternatives to Pirate Bay includes;. You can find almost anything legal that you want on this platform.

Because this is a torrenting site, you will need some specific skills to have a successful experience. This guide will take you through everything you need to know so that you can have a lot of fun.

The Pirate Bay has been a thorn in the side of copyright holders ever since the site launched in In the past, there were multiple attempts to take it down, including a raid that resulted in police officers shutting down the website and confiscating its services.

Despite all these hardships, The Pirate Bay has managed to remain operational, but users in some countries have to be creative when accessing it.

Users in these countries can access The Pirate Bay using its. The ease with which users can circumvent site blocks is one reason why researchers argue that blocking The Pirate Bay has little to no impact on the actual consumption of pirated content.

It is no secret that TPB is up and running strong. So, if the authorities that are responsible for shutting down pirate sites, how does the Pirate Bay keep in business?

The short answer is that they play a constant game of catch-me-if-you-can with the authorities. Specifically, here are a few of the tactics TPB uses to elude the authorities:.

This keeps them anonymous. Once you step outside the safety of search engine indexing, there is literally a whole digital galaxy out there, which is still widely unexplored.

It is next to impossible for authorities to keep up with everything that is going on outside of that index.

Therefore, more minor infractions, such as copyright infringement, tend to get overlooked. Even with all the precautions TPB takes, they have not always gotten away from their authoritative pursuers.

In fact, in The Pirate Bay was raided by Sweedish officials and shut down for three days. However, most recently, plagued The Pirate Bay with intermittent service throughout the year.

Most of the time, the intermittent outages were blamed on the Cloudflare Error Yet, there was no definitive proof either way, so everyone accepted the company line.

Nevertheless, TPB managed to develop a backup plan. This development was created to provide a full library of torrents that can be downloaded, via a dump file.

These torrents would still be accessible, even if TPB goes down or is taken offline. The only downside is that OfflineBay is still offline.

Therefore, it is not updated in real-time. However, for most TPB users, they were happy to be given something in the wake of any future shutdowns.

Copyright holders continue to press government officials for more leverage against unauthorized downloads. The enforcement of intellectual property, licensing sharing, and copyright protections continues to increase globally.

Some third-party providers are even becoming enforcers that watch for potentially unauthorized traffic on websites like The Pirate Bay.

More countries block The Pirate Bay in than at any other time in history. This activity even prevents legal torrents from being shared, which is why several access opportunities continue to develop to support this P2P network.

You can find a list of the best ones available below, although some countries are also restricting access to these links.

Even the act of attempting to visit one of these sites could involve legal risks, which means you are clicking at your own risk.

The Pirate Bay is safe to use, as long as you take precautions. There are many different precautions that you can take, depending on your IT knowledge.

However, if your knowledge is zilch, you should use the following list of suggestions to help keep you safe, secure, and as anonymous as possible.

First and foremost, use a VPN Server. This makes it difficult to track your specific IP. Here are a few of the VPNs that are easily available and widely used:.

Seeding is what it is called to upload Torrents to a peer-to-peer sharing network such as BitTorrent. When you disable seeding, you have a far better chance of not being tracked.

However, this also means that you are not contributing to the community, which is something that Seeders look down on. Essentially, in their mind, you are just taking, not sharing.

Doubling up on security, though, is not a bad thing. When you use The Pirate Bay for your torrenting needs, you may find the perfect file that you want to download.

If you click on all of the right commands and nothing happens, then it may not have any seeders or leechers. You may need to wait until those numbers populate enough so that you can get the desired access.

Even when you have enough seeders and leechers for a torrent, you may not get the entire file when you request a download. If you experience this issue with a public domain movie or an authorized file, it may still work fine.

You can slowly fast-forward through the downloaded content to see if there are any gaps, glitches, or shortened spots in the file that change the user experience.

It is not unusual to see the copy become complete once you make a hard copy of it. That means you can get the desired content without navigating through a direct download that might have a block in place to prevent geographic access.

Magnet links take that concept to the next level. When you need to use mirror links to access content, then the quality of the file copy is critical to a successful outcome.

The best way to tell if one is useful depends on how well The Pirate Bay gets copied. When you see loading errors or a lack of responsiveness, then it may be time to look for a different option.

The Pirate Bay gives you the option to search for a specific user. When you click on that name, The Pirate Bay redirects to a search screen where you can see every file name uploaded by that account.

This tip gives you two positive outcomes. The first is that you can use it to find other high-quality torrents when you have a successful experience with that user.

As for the second, this option can serve as a way to avoid malicious content by giving you a chance to report it. If you encountered a similar problem, then you can put that information here.

Look for the green skull-and-crossbones next to the file name to limit the potential problems. Although throttling can be a concern for some users, it is typically an equipment issue that creates this problem.

If you get 1. Malfunctioning modems are the most common cause of slow Internet speeds. Then scan for viruses, look for on-system interference, and use filters if you have a DSL connection.

If you have a cordless phone at home with a landline, this technology can slow your connection. Video codecs are toolsets that you can use to ensure the quality of video content on sites like The Pirate Bay.

Each tool adds more complexity to the encoding process to ensure a better compression ratio happens. The upside of that process is that filtration can provide a better image quality, but it all depends on the amount of time the uploader took to encode the file.

A file that is 2 GB in size has a bitrate of about Kb per second, which works out to approximately kilobytes per frame. Since The Pirate Bay uses magnet links for the torrent files you can access, you must download a client that can handle this information.

You must install it before the content you want becomes accessible. The three best options that are available right now to use with The Pirate Bay are Deluge , Transmission , and qBittorrent.

You also get to avoid the annoying advertisements, bloatware, and special offers with which you get hammered when using other providers.

You can fetch torrents to open with a downloader when they are available, but you will notice that a quick search of The Pirate Bay shows that it is almost exclusively magnet links.

Then you begin to seed the file once you start the downloading process. Becoming a seeder increases your priority for downloads, often giving you faster access to the content you want to use.

Torrents on The Pirate Bay are cataloged into specific categories to make finding them easier for visitors. Then there are also subcategories for you to consider that you can access with a single click so that you can find the content immediately.

Ohio State Research News. And, according to reports, check this out succeeded. It is up to you to verify Pirate Empire you have permission to view or use the media in question. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload source. Some content items have verified release dates that receive independent publishing outside of The Pirate Bay. And those that played along made a handsome profit. Arne Bialuschewski of the University of Kiel in Germany has recently suggested Nathaniel Mist, a former sailor, journalist, and publisher of the Weekly Https://appscribe.co/casino-online-list/bitcoins-prognose.php, as a more likely candidate. This involved considerable seaborne trade, and a general economic improvement: there was money to be made—or stolen—and much of it traveled by ship. The Pirate Bay has been a thorn in the side of copyright holders ever since the site launched in Salzburg SchloГџ KleГџheim If you encountered a similar problem, then you can put that information .

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